2.5.1 Pointer Gestures


All functionality that uses multipoint or path-based gestures for operation can be operated with a single pointer without a path-based gesture, unless a multipoint or path-based gesture is essential.

SC 2.5.1 -Pointer Gestures states that all operations must use simple gestures that need only a single touch. Gestures that need two fingers or complicated movements can be hard to operate for people with hand tremors or limited movement. Users with alternative input devices such as a mouth stick, sip-and-puff, or head mouse also benefit. Simple gestures are easier for someone with cognitive impairments to remember and use. If the site or application does use multi-touch gestures, be sure to also provide simple interfaces.

Multipoint gestures:

  • Two-finger pinch
  • Split tap
  • Two- or three-finger taps and swipes

Single-point gestures:

  • Tap
  • Double tap
  • Press and hold
  • Focus and gaze (eye tracking)

Who it helps:

  • Users with limited dexterity:
  • Users who use eye-gaze technology to interact with their device.
  • Users who use speech to interact with their device.
  • Users who use a single pointer to interact with their device.


This requirement applies to web content that interprets pointer actions (i.e. this does not apply to actions that are required to operate the user agent or assistive technology).


Before Rectification

Before Rectification

The dragging of a slider requires a precise path of the user's pointer movement to control the volume

After Rectification

After Rectification

Buttons are added as an alternative way for users to adjust the volume with simple clicks.