Introduction to Enterprise Architecture (EA)
Enterprise Architecture is a capability and framework, which enables an organization to align
its Business and Information Technology (IT) with its strategic objectives. This is more
than technology as it concerns the entire organization and identifies all the components
(Business functions and IT systems) that make the organization work. It identifies the
organization’s core objectives, the components critical to achieving these objectives, and
the relationship between each of these components.
In typical Government scenarios, the focus is towards whole-of-government approach and
e-enablement of services, Enterprise Architecture plays a critical role in providing a
foundation and capability to achieve these goals. A central government will generally have
various agencies or ministries that provide a range of services to the citizens, businesses,
employees and other agencies. In such a scenario, Enterprise Architecture acts as a guiding
factor and a governance mechanism that focuses on aligning resources across the country to
improve the performance of each individual agency/ministry, while driving a coordinated
effort to deliver a whole-of-government capability.